Jean Monnet Action in the field of Higher Education: This action supports Higher Education Institutions inside and outside Europe to promote teaching and research on European integration and promote policy debate and exchanges involving the academic world and policy-makers on Union policy priorities. The following sub-actions are supported: Jean Monnet Modules: short teaching programmes in one or more disciplines of European Union studies; Jean Monnet Chairs: longer teaching posts with a specialisation in European Union studies for individual university professors, Jean Monnet Centres of Excellence: focal points gathering knowledge of high-level experts in various disciplines of European studies, as well as developing transnational activities and structural links with academic institutions in other countries;